(This post goes into more detail about the rebellion of Warwick the King Maker.) Richard Neville was killed in 1471 at the Battle of Barnet, and King Edward IV granted it to his youngest brother, Richard, Duke of Gloucester.Richard, Duke of Gloucester married Anne Neville in 1472.(I wrote more about Barnard Castle’s early history ) Today’s blog features the Beauchamp’s and the Neville’s, then closing with the Lordship of the Duke of Gloucester (Later Richard III) In 1307, King Edward I granted the castle to Guy de Beauchamp, who later became the 2nd Earl of Warwick.After an acrimonious relationship with King Edward II, Guy de Beauchamp ended his days on the fringes of the court after executing the King’s favourite, Piers Gaveston in 1312. Barnard Castle remained in the ownership of the Beauchamp family until 1446, when Henry Beauchamp, the 14th Earl of Warwick died without a male heir.They are thought to be of Richard and Anne, or Richard and Edward IV. ) In 1477-8, Richard founded a collegiate college, and it was thought to have been planned to support a Dean and 12 Priests.The college would have offered up prayers for the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester, but sadly it was never completed.The surrounding land would have been flooded for defence.For accommodation see Wotton-under-Edge and Stroud.
You will also find Shakespeare's birth place and Roman heritage sites including the famous Roman Baths at Bath.Anne Neville was the youngest daughter of Richard Neville and Anne Beauchamp, and may have known Barnard Castle in her youth.It is also possible Richard spent time here as a child, having been placed in the keeping of Richard Neville during his formative years.Barnard Castle in County Durham has a long history of different ownership, dating back to the 11th century when it was founded by a Norman baron.He was Guy de Balliol, a man who had fought at the Battle of Hastings alongside William the Conqueror in 1066.The castle initially passed to his 3 year old daughter Anne, but sadly she died.Therefore it came into the keeping of his sister Anne Beauchamp, Countess of Warwick. Anne Beauchamp became a substantial heiress after the death of Henry, inheriting many properties including Warwick castle.The magnificent Cathedrals at Worcester and Gloucester are included as are also the homes of such famous people as Holst, William Morris, and Queen Katherine Parr.Berkeley Castle is one of the March Castles, built to keep out the Welsh, and has all the trappings to match: trip steps designed to make the enemy stumble during an assault, arrow slits, murder holes, enormous barred doors, slots where the portcullis once fell, and worn stones where sentries stood guard.He was killed in the Battle of Bosworth on the 23rd of August, 1485.After the death of King Richard, his mother in law Anne Beauchamp (who was back in sanctuary at Beaulieu Abbey) was given the castle.